sat up front for madeleine peyroux.
disabled the chrome app, disabled the youtube app, installed adblock plus on firefox android. suddenly video searches play without the garbage ads.
found i know it when i see it a legislative pile-up. no opinion, including the two dissenting ones, had the support of more than two justices
(1) sixty six million years ago
the shockwaves generated global earthquakes of immense magnitude. what had been solid ground rippled and bounced like liquid for thousands of miles. vast volcanic eruptions were triggered, and giant tsunamis surged across the oceans and far inland. winds of six hundred miles an hour howled across the planet, and the molten rock thrown up into the atmosphere by the impact rained down in a hail of hot glassy blobs and spears, heating the air as it fell until the forests ignited and living things cooked. all this within the first two hours or so. soot, dust and smoke filled the atmosphere, eclipsing the sun, and for years afterwards the earth was cold, dark, bathed in acid rain. this 'nuclear winter' was sufficiently severe and long-lasting to halt photosynthesis on land and in the oceans, causing the collapse of those ecosystems that had survived the initial cataclysm. some 70 percent of living species were eliminated. foremost among those that perished were the charismatic, mysterious creatures whose lineage had dominated the planet for well over a hundred million years - the dinosaurs
below the line was a profusion of diverse fossil shells from the planktonic foraminifera that crowded cretaceous oceans; above it, almost nothing. and not only did tiny sea creatures disappear at the boundary line, but fossils of larger creatures are absent immediately above it too, both on land and at sea. there are no dinosaurs above it at all: 'nothing..not a single bone or a single footprint anywhere'
they were specialised, and their food webs were underpinned by photosynthesising plants. they were energetic and needed huge amounts of food, and they laid eggs which took months to hatch. they could not adapt their diets like an omnivore, hide in a hole like a mouse or lizard, sink to the bottom of a lake like a crocodile, or go into hibernation and not eat for months like a tortoise (creatures like these survived)
the problem of dinosaurs gigantism seems to be that they had unusually efficient lungs, which worked on the same design found in birds..its unique efficiency seems to have helped sauropods to grow into giants, giving a t. rex the bursts of energy needed to strike its prey from ambush and bite down with a force of three thousand pounds per tooth; today, the design makes it possible for modern birds to fly enormous distances in freezing and rarefied air
(2) san joaquin
fruit and vegetable picking is a one-generation job-farmworkers i spoke to neither wanted nor would allow their children to follow them into the fields