this week i

drew jean-léon gérôme's bonaparte devant le sphinx.  emperor, conquer thyself

could write "takin' it easy on the zambezi and other rhymes of river relaxation" following trite tranquility triplet preposition freshwater rubric, won't

woke up short of breath before inti raymi, cusco more than twice altitude of kathmandu. viracocha bearded like santa claus, both drones and pride of inca nation flag flew over omens read from sacrificial llama intestines (same purpose as punxsutawney phil predictions). pizza, that's alpaca amore



read history of the conquest of peru by william hickling prescott (1796-1859).  story ends before tupac, pizarro illiterate, spaniards talibanesque

"cuzco, in the language of the incas..signifies navel."

no account assigns to the inca dynasty more than thirteen princes before the conquest

the queen was further distinguished, at least in her later reigns, by the circumstance of being selected from the sisters of the inca

they travelled with ease and expedition, halting at the tambos, or inns, erected by government along the route

his attendants and favorite concubines, amounting sometimes, it is said, to a thousand, were immolated on his tomb

the peruvians were as successful as the egyptians in the miserable attempt to perpetuate the existence of the body beyond the limits assigned to it by nature

a register was kept of all the births and deaths throughout the country, and exact returns of the actual population were made to government every year, by means of the quipus, a curious invention, which will be explained hereafter.  at certain intervals, also, a general survey of the country was made, exhibiting a complete view of the character of the soil, its fertility, the nature of its products, both agricultural and mineral, - in short, of all that constituted the physical resources of the empire.  furnished with these statistical details, it was easy for the government, after determining the amount of requisitions, to distribute the work among the respective provinces best qualified to execute it

without money, with little property of any kind, he paid his taxes in labor.  no wonder that the government should have dealt with sloth as a crime

the religion of the conquered was not treated with dishonor.  the sun was to be worshipped above all; but the images of their gods were removed to cuzco and established in one of the temples, to hold their rank among the inferior deities of the peruvian pantheon.  here they remained as hostages, in some sort, for the conquered nation, which would be the less inclined to forsake its allegiance, when by doing so it must leave its own gods in the hands of its enemies

gold, in the figurative language of the people was "the tears wept by the sun"

at the feast of raymi, the sacrifice usually offered was that of the llama; and the priest, after opening the body of his victim, sought in the appearances which it exhibited to read the lesson of the mysterious future

garcilasso de la vega flatly denies that the incas were guilty of human sacrifices..but in this material fact he is unequivocally contradicted by sarmiento

the peruvian quipus were, doubtless, a wretched substitute for that beautiful contrivance, the alphabet, which, employing a few simple characters as the representatives of sounds, instead of ideas, is able to convey the most delicate shades of thought that ever passed through the mind of man.  the peruvian invention, indeed, was far below that of the hieroglyphics, even below the rude picture-writing of the aztecs; for the latter art, however incompetent to convey abstract ideas, could depict sensible objects with tolerable accuracy.  it is evidence of the total ignorance in which the two nations remained of each other, that the peruvians should have borrowed nothing of the hieroglyphical system of the mexicans

the spanish conquerers threw down these pillars..which of the two were best entitled to the name of barbarians?

the potato, found by the early discoverers of chili, peru, new granada, and all along the cordilleras of south america, was unknown in mexico, - an additional proof of the entire ignorance in which the respective nations of the two continents remained of one another

they were not a commercial people, and had no knowledge of money.  in this they differed from the ancient mexicans, who had an established currency of a determinate value.  in one respect, however, they were superior to their american rivals, since they made use of weights to determine the quantity of their commodities, a thing wholly unknown to the aztecs.  this fact is ascertained by the discovery of silver balances, adjusted with perfect accuracy, in some of the tombs of the incas

the invasion of the valiant inca huayna capac..took place some years previous to pizarro's expedition

a fall from his horse, which so astonished the barbarians, who were not prepared for this division of what seemed one and the same being into two, that, filled with consternation, they fell back, and left a way open for the christians

one hundred and eighty men, with twenty-seven horses for the cavalry.  he had provided himself with three vessels, two of them of a good size, to take the place of those which he had been compelled to leave on the opposite side of the isthmus at nombre de dios

one of those plagues from the vial of wrath, which the destroying angel, who follows in the path of the conqueror, pours out on the devoted nations

he learned that the country had been for some time distracted by a civil war between two sons of the late monarch, competitors for the throne.  this intelligence he regarded as of the utmost importance, for he remembered the use which cortes had made of similar dissentions among the tribes of anahuac.  indeed, pizarro seems to have had the example of his great predecessor before his eyes on more occasions than this

the theatre of combat was the skirts of the mighty chimborazo

the raconteur of these bluebeard butcheries

"know, whoever you may be," said the writing, "that may chance to set foot in this country, that it contains more gold and silver than there is iron in biscay"

the name of san miguel de piura, which it bears, still commemorates the foundation of the first european colony in the empire of the incas

he could not write

cortes had compelled his men to go forward heartily in his enterprise, by burning their vessels, and thus cutting off the only means of retreat.  pizarro, on the other hand, threw open the gates to the disaffected and facilitated their departure

the royal tambos or caravansaries

son of the sun

the horses of the whole troop to be shod with silver

the emissaries were men of a very low stamp, and, puffed up by the honors conceded to them by the natives, they looked on themselves as entitled to these, and contemned the poor indians as a race immeasurably beneath the european.  they not only showed the most disgusting rapacity, but treated the highest nobles with wanton insolence.  they even went so far, it is said, as to violate the privacy of the convents, and to outrage the religious sentiments of the peruvians by their scandalous amours with the virgins of the sun

 to reduce the whole to ingots of a uniform standard, for the spoil was composed of an infinite variety of articles, in which the gold was of very different degrees of purity.  these articles consisted of goblets, ewers, salvers, vases of every shape and size, ornaments and utensils for the temples and the royal palaces, tiles and plates for the decoration of the public edifices, curious imitations of different plants and animals.  among the plants, the most beautiful was the indian corn, in which the golden ear was sheathed in its broad leaves of silver, from which hung a rich tassel of threads of the same precious metal.  a fountain was also much admired, which sent up a sparkling jet of gold, while birds and animals of the same material played in the waters at its base

the garrote is a mode of execution by means of a noose drawn round the criminal's neck, to the back part of which a stick is attached.  by twisting this stick, the noose is tightened and suffocation is produced.  this was the mode, probably, of atahuallpa's execution

from the hour that pizarro and his followers had entered within the sphere of atahuallpa's influence, the hand of friendship had been extended to them by the natives.  their first act, on crossing the mountains, was to kidnap the monarch and massacre his people..the long confinement of the inca had been used by the conquerers to wring from him his treasures with the hard gripe of avarice.  during the whole of this dismal period, he had conducted himself with singular generosity and good faith.  he had opened a free passage to the spaniards through every part of his empire; and had furnished every facility for the execution of their plans.  when these were accomplished, and he remained an encumbrance on their hands, notwithstanding their engagement, expressed or implied, to release him, - and pizarro, as we have seen, by a formal act, acquitted his captive of any further obligation on the score of the ransom, - he was arraigned before a mock tribunal, and, under pretences equally false and frivolous, was condemned to an excruciating death.  from first to last, the policy of the spanish conquerers towards their unhappy victim is stamped with barbarity and fraud

they thought to dig for gold; but they dug only their graves

one weapon, peculiar to south american warfare, was used with some effect by the peruvians.  this was the lasso, a long rope with a noose at the end, which they adroitly threw over the rider, or entangled with it the legs of his horse, so as to bring them both to the ground

the young inca, in particular, accoutred in the european fashion, rode a war-horse which he managed with considerable address, and, with a long lance in his hand, led on his followers to the attack..the aztec, who, in his long collision with the spaniards, was never so far divested of his terrors for the horse as to venture to mount him

as the conspirators traversed the plaza, one of the party made a circuit to avoid a little pool of water that lay in their path.  "what!" exclaimed rada, "afraid of wetting your feet, when you are to wade up to your knees in blood!"

no army, up to the period before us, had ever risen to a thousand

a young cavalier named geronimo de alvarado, who obstinately refused to quit the field; and shouting out, - "we slew pizarro! we killed the tyrant!" they threw themselves on the lances of their conquerers, preferring death on the battle-field to the ignominious doom of the gibbet

i have seen the spaniards, long after the conquest, amuse themselves by hunting down the natives with bloodhounds for mere sport..the young maiden was torn without remorse from the arms of her family to gratify the passion of her brutal conqueror

many a llama was destroyed solely for the sake of the brains - a dainty morsel, much coveted by the spaniards

herbs as they found on the way-side, which, for want of better utensils, the soldiers were fain to boil in their helmets

the wayworn horses, without food, except such as they could pick up in the wilderness, were often spent with travel, and, becoming unserviceable, were left to die on the road, with their hamstrings cut, that they might be of no use to the enemy; though more frequently, they were despatched to afford a miserable banquet to their masters

pizarro made his entry into the capital with two of his principal captains on foot, holding the reins of his charger, while the archbishop of lima, and the bishops of cuzco, quito, and bogota..rode by his side

blank letters, bearing the royal signature, were delivered to him, which he was to fill up at his pleasure

one of those suspension bridges formerly employed by the incas, and still used in crossing the deep and turbulent rivers of south america.  they are made of osier withes, twisted into enormous cables, which, when stretched across the water, are attached to heavy blocks of masonry, or, where it will serve, to the natural rock

the example of cepeda was contagious.  garcilasso de la vega, father of the historian, a cavalier of old family, and probably of higher consideration than any other in pizarro's party, put spurs to his horse, at the same time with the licentiate, and rode over to the enemy.  ten or a dozen of the arquebusiers followed in the same direction

the mail-clad cavalier, brandishing his bloody lance, and mounted on his war-horse, riding over the helpless natives, or battling with his own friends and brothers; fierce, arrogant, and cruel, urged on by the lust of gold, or the scarce more honorable love of a bastard glory



this week i

completed twenty six entries in as many weeks of this year. 👨‍🍳💋 your field of study is beautiful, why teach it any other way? huseyin cited not cited


drew winslow homer's eastern point light, tho rembrandt's lost sea selfie superior.  liz declared scream emoji 😱 derivative of munch's most famous


saw songbird brawl, chirps still sweet.  tropes in modern glyph:  🏍💨..🚬🧨~~💣💥🏛💥 // 🗻🏄‍♂️...🛤🙋‍♀️⛓️..🚂💨 // ⚰️🧛‍♂️🦇..🧄🦸‍♀️🗡..🌞☠️


visited casona of archaeology, anthropology, history, then larco for porn, crème brûlée.  sea lion sea wolf, sacrificial cliff-toss, new world medusa


read history of the conquest of mexico by william hickling prescott (1796-1859), a new englander writing in the chattel slavery era.  struck by a crust of hard bread and the sight of his left eye was destroyed.  after graduation, when his right eye began to fail, he abandoned the practice of law.  could legends of white men from east arisen by solo shipwrecked sailors surviving trans-atlantic tradewinds over prior millennia, life of pi style?

after a series of wanderings and adventures, which need not shrink from comparison with the most extravagant legends of the heroic ages of antiquity, they at length halted on the southwestern borders of the principal lake, in the year 1325.  they there beheld, perched on the stem of a prickly pear, which shot out from the crevice of a rock that was washed by the waves, a royal eagle of extraordinary size and beauty, with a serpent in his talons, and his broad wings opened to the rising sun

post-houses were established on the great roads about two leagues distant from each other.  the courier, bearing his dispatches in the form of a hieroglyphical painting, ran with them to the first station, where they were taken by another messenger and carried forward to the next, and so on till they reached the capital..fresh fish was frequently served at montezuma's table in twenty-four hours from the time it had been taken in the gulf of mexico, two hundred miles from the capital

the mexicans, according to clavigero, believed in an evil spirit, the enemy of the human race, whose barbarous name signified "rational owl." (stor. del messico, tom. ii. p. 2.)

they led him to the sacrificial stone, a huge block of jasper, with its upper surface somewhat convex.  on this the prisoner was stretched.  five priests secured his head and his limbs; while the sixth, clad in a scarlet mantle, emblematic of his bloody office, dexterously opened the breast of the wretched victim with a sharp razor itztli, - a volcanic substance, hard as flint, - and, inserting his hand in the wound, tore out the palpitating heart

this was not the coarse repast of famished cannibals, but a banquet teeming with delicious beverages and delicate viands, prepared with art, and attended by both sexes, who, as we shall see hereafter, conducted themselves with all the decorum of civilized life

the persians had a cycle of one hundred and twenty years, of three hundred and sixty-five days each, at the end of which they intercalated thirty days.  (humboldt, vues des cordilleres, p. 177.)  this was the same as thirteen after the cycle of fifty-two years of the mexicans

two celebrated bas-reliefs, of the last montezuma and his father, cut in the solid rock, in the beautiful groves of chapoltepec, were deliberately destroyed, as late as the last century, by order of the government!

the english traveller, latrobe, accommodates the wonders of nature and art very well to each other, by suggesting that these great masses of stone were transported by means of the mastodon, whose remains are occasionally disinterred in the mexican valley

when urged at the stake to embrace christianity, that his soul might find admission into heaven, he inquired if the white men would go there

the little army heard mass and then sallied forth from the wooden walls of tabasco

he further told the governor, as we are informed by his chaplain, "that the spaniards were troubled with a disease of the heart, for which gold was a specific remedy"

they marched always as if in a land of enemies, the horse and light troops in the van, with the heavy-armed and baggage in the rear, all in battle array.  they were never without their armor, waking or sleeping, lying down with their weapons by their sides.  this unintermitting and restless vigilance was, perhaps, more oppressive to the spirits that even body fatigue.  but they were confident in their superiority in a fair field, and felt that the most serious danger they had to fear from indian warfare was surprise

the horse was borne off in triumph by the indians, and his mangled remains were sent, a strange trophy, to the different towns of tlascala.  the circumstance troubled the spanish commander, as it divested the animal of the supernatural terrors with which the superstition of the natives had usually surrounded it.  to prevent such a consequence, he had caused the two horses, killed on the preceding day, to be secretly buried on the spot

too deficient in military science to profit by their vast superiority in numbers.  they were distributed into companies, it is true, each serving under its own chieftain and banner.  but they were not arranged by rank and file, and moved in a confused mass, promiscuously heaped together.  they knew not how to concentrate numbers on a given point, or even how to sustain an assault, by employing successive detachments to support and relieve one another.  a very small part only of their array could be brought into contact with an enemy inferior to them in amount of forces.  the remainder of the army, inactive and worse than useless, in the rear, served only to press tumultuously on the advance, and embarrass its movements by mere weight of numbers, while, on the least alarm, they were seized with a panic and threw the whole body into inextricable confusion.  it was, in short, the combat of the ancient greeks and persians over again

while this fierce struggle was going forward, the tlascalans, hearing the concerted signal, had advanced with quick pace into the city.  they had bound, by order of cortes, wreaths of sedge round their heads, that they might the more surely be distinguished from the cholulans

it may call to the reader's mind the memorable view of the fair plains of italy which hannibal displayed to his hungry barbarians, after a similar march through the wild passes of the alps

montezuma may have, perhaps, thought it was not more monstrous to feed on the flesh of a fellow-creature, than on that of the creator himself

its interior decorations, its fanciful draperies, its roofs inlaid with cedar and other odoriferous woods, held together without nail, and, probably, without a knowledge of the arch

these chapels were stained with human gore

among the teocallis in the inclosure was one consecrated to quetzalcoatl, circular in its form, and having an entrance in imitation of a dragon's mouth, bristling with sharp fangs, and dropping with blood

that a small body of men, like the spaniards, should have entered the palace of a mighty prince, have seized his person in the midst of his vassals, have borne him off a captive to their quarters, - that they should have put to an ignominious death before his face his high officers, for executing, probably, his own commands, and have crowned the whole by putting the monarch in irons like a common malefactor, - that this should have been done, not to a drivelling dotard in the decay of his fortunes, but to a proud monarch in the plentitude of his power, in the very heart of his capital, surrounded by thousands and tens of thousands, who trembled at his nod, and would have poured out their blood like water in his defence, - that all this should have been done by a mere handful of adventurers, is a thing too extravagant, altogether too improbable, for the pages of romance!

according to ixtlilxochitl, montezuma got as far on the road to conversion, as the credo and the ave maria, both of which he could repeat; but his baptism was postponed, and he died before receiving it

war, religion, and rapine were so intimately blended together

cocuyos, - a species of large beetle which emits an intense phosphoric light from its body, strong enough to enable one to read by it

the ambassadors stated them without reserve, comparing their commander's conduct to the ungrateful proceeding of alexander, who, when he gained a victory, usually gave away more to his enemies than to the troops who enabled him to beat them

battalions distributed under their respective banners, the devices of which showed a contribution from the principal cities and districts in the valley.  high above the rest was conspicuous the ancient standard of mexico, with its well known cognizance, an eagle pouncing on an ocelot, emblazoned on a rich mantle of featherwork.  here and there priests might be seen mingling in the ranks of the besiegers, and, with frantic gestures, animating them to avenge their insulted deities

arrowy sleet

cortes might have addressed his troops, as napoleon did his in the famous battle with the mamelukes: "from yonder pyramids forty centuries look down upon you"

ship-builder, martin lopez, who, as we have seen, had fortunately escaped the slaughter of the "melancholy night."  cortes now sent this man to tlascala, with orders to build thirteen brigantines which might be taken to pieces and carried on the shoulders of the indians to be launched on the waters of lake tezcuco.  the sails, rigging, and iron work, were to be brought from vera cruz, where they had been stored since their removal from the dismantled ships.  it was a bold conception, that of constructing a fleet to be transported across forest and mountain before it was launched on its destined waters!

powder was manufactured with the aid of sulpher obtained by some adventurous cavaliers from the smoking throat of popocatepetl

the spaniards appear to have changed the qua, beginning aztec names, into gua, in the same manner as, in the mother country, they changed the wad at the beginning of arabic names into guad

the former historian states the number of indian allies who followed cortes, at eighty thousand; the latter at ten thousand!  ¿quien sabe?

he believed that the white men were the beings predicted by the oracles, as one day to come from the east and take possession of the land

other nations entered on it also, but with different motives.  the french sent forth their missionaries to take up their dwellings among the heathen, who, in the good work of winning souls to paradise, were content to wear - nay, sometimes seemed to court - the crown of martyrdom.  the dutch, too, had their mission, but it was one of worldly lucre, and they found a recompense for toil and suffering in their gainful traffic with the natives.  while our own puritan fathers, with the true anglo saxon spirit, left their pleasant homes across the waters, and pitched their tents in the howling wilderness, that they might enjoy the sweets of civil and religious freedom.  but the spaniard came over to the new world in the true spirit of a knight-errant, courting adventure however perilous, wooing danger, as it would seem, for its own sake.  with sword and lance, he was ever ready to do battle for the faith; and, as he raised his old war-cry of "st. jago," he fancied himself fighting under the banner of the military apostle, and felt his single arm a match for more than a hundred infidels! - it was the expiring age of chivalry; and spain, romantic spain, was the land where its light lingered longest above the horizon

the spaniards poured through the open gates into the area, and a small party rushed up the winding corridors to its summit.  no vestige now remained there of the cross, or of any other symbol of the pure faith to which it had been dedicated.  a new effigy of the aztec war-god had taken the place of the one demolished by the christians, and raised its fantastic and hideous form in the same niche which had been occupied by its predecessor.  the spaniards soon tore away its golden mask and the rich jewels with which it was bedizened, and, hurling the struggling priests down the sides of the pyramid, made the best of their way to their comrades in the area.  it was full time

the house of birds, filled with specimens of all the painted varieties which swarmed over the wide forests of mexico

as the long file of priests and warriors reached the flat summit of the teocalli, the spaniards saw the figures of several men stripped to their waists, some of whom, by the whiteness of their skins, they recognized as their own countrymen.  they were the victims for sacrifice.  their heads were gaudily decorated with coronals of plumes, and they carried fans in their hands.  they were urged along by blows, and compelled to take part in the dances in honor of the aztec war-god.  the unfortunate captives, then stripped of their sad finery, were stretched, one after another, on the great stone of sacrifice.  on its convex surface, their breasts heaved up conveniently for the diabolical purpose of the priestly executioner, who cut asunder the ribs by a strong blow with his sharp razor of itztli, and, thrusting his hand into the wound, tore away the heart, which, hot and reeking, was deposited on the golden censer before the idol.  the body of the slaughtered victim was then hurled down the steep stairs of the pyramid, which, it may be remembered, were placed at the same angle of the pile, one flight below another; and the mutilated remains were gathered up by the savages beneath, who soon prepared with them the cannibal repast which completed the work of abomination!

the capital of the western world, forever gone

many a mother, in her agony, devoured the offspring which she had no longer the means of supporting

moses: "the tender and delicate woman among you, which would not adventure to set the sole of her foot upon the ground for delicateness and tenderness, her eye shall be evil toward . . . . . her children which she shall bear; for she shall eat them, for want of all things, secretly, in the siege and straitness wherewith thine enemy shall distress thee in thy gates." deuteronomy, chap. 28 vs. 56, 57

in a few years every vestage of the primitive teocallis was effaced from the land.  the uncouth idols of the country, and unhappily the hieroglyphical manuscripts, shared the same fate

suspicion naturally accompanies weakness

the aztecs..believed that two persons survived the deluge, a man, named coxcox, and his wife.  their heads are represented in ancient paintings, together with a boat floating on the waters, at the foot of a mountain.  a dove is also depicted, with the hieroglyphical emblem of languages in his mouth, which he is distributing to the children of coxcox, who were born dumb.  the neighboring people of michuacan, inhabiting the same high plains of the andes, had a still further tradition, that the boat, in which tezpi, their noah, escaped, was filled with various kinds of animals and birds.  after some time, a vulture was sent out from it, but remained feeding on the dead bodies of the giants, which had been left on the earth, as the waters subsided.  the little humming-bird, huitzitzilin, was sent forth, and returned with a twig in its mouth

a religious rite which reminded them of the christian image of the tutelary deity of the aztecs was made of the flour of maize, mixed with blood, and, after consecration by the priests, was distributed among the people, who, as they ate it, "showed signs of humiliation and sorrow, declaring it was the flesh of the deity!"

"the fashion of burning the corpse, collecting the ashes in a vase, burying them under pyramidal mounds with the immolation of wives and servants at the funeral, all remind one of the customs of egypt and hindostan"

total ignorance of some of the most serviceable and familiar arts, as the use of milk, and iron

what has become of cihuapan,
 quantzintecomtzin brave,
and conahuatzin, mighty man;
where are they? in the grave!
their names remain, but they are fled,
forever numbered with the dead.
would that those now in friendship bound,
we whom love's thread encircles round,
death's cruel edge might see!
since good on earth is insecure,
and all things must a change endure
in dark futurity !


this week i

drew the first karaoke.  only difference peruvian, east asian ajoomma morning public park salsa exercise that the former understands the lyrics


read as luuuuke i am not your uncle.  ben sent breaking bad bee.  champú for people who ignite gasoline trails with roach, flee explosion on unicycle


never saw dj khaled and john goodman in the same room.  did siddhartha gautama, jules winnfield arrive at same bad ass motherfucking epiphany?


wager betatest trump awkward convo with st. peter.  mille scuse silvio, bunga bunga other direction.  and that these taste like asspartame

watched fitzcarraldo, a silly story about rubber barons, milton nascimento cameo.  the leading couple threw a baby jaguar across the room so they could fuck in a hammock.  now here's a stack of cash, don't you dare come back to iquitos without the entirety of the manaus opera house players


read politics and the english language by george orwell, an essay of sheer humbug

a man may take to drink because he feels himself to be a failure, and then fail all the more completely because he drinks.  it is rather the same thing that is happening to the english language.  it becomes ugly and inaccurate because our thoughts are foolish, but the slovenliness of our language makes it easier for us to have foolish thoughts

bad writers, and especially scientific, political, and sociological writers, are nearly always haunted by the notion that latin or greek words are grander than saxon ones

it is easier - even quicker, once you have the habit - to say in my opinion it is not an unjustifiable assumption that than to say i think.  if you use ready-made phrases, you not only don't hunt about for the words; you also don't have to bother with the rhythms of your sentences, since these phrases are generally so arranged as to be more or less euphonious

a scrupulous writer, in every sentence that he writes, will ask himself at least four questions, thus: what am i trying to say?  what words will express it?  what image or idiom will make it clearer?  is this image fresh enough to have an effect?

defenseless villages are bombarded from the air, the inhabitants driven out into the countryside, the cattle machine-gunned, the huts set on fire with incendiary bullets: this is called pacification

make pretentiousness unfashionable

if it is possible to cut a word out, always cut it out

one can cure oneself of the not un- formation by memorizing this sentence: a not unblack dog was chasing a not unsmall rabbit across a not ungreen field


read world protests: a study of key protest issues in the 21st century by four authors including awkwardly-named hernan cortes.  posted website doesn't allow machine-readable download with participant counts from pdf.  methodology didn't assure how earlier internet era news searchers captured same breadth as more current years, maybe biasing stated increase in protests.  too many graphs unweighted by population, unsurprisingly, unhelpfully showing larger countries with the most movements.  within-country inequality might be on the rise, globally that's less certain

from marx to tocqueville, authors have written about unequal structural conditions and consciousness of injustice as crucial factors for protests and rebellions.  today, inequality is staggering, estimated to be the highest in history

the objective of the study is to document and characterize major protests from two years prior to the onset of the 2008 global financial crisis to the end of 2020, to examine protest trends globally, regionally and according to country-income levels, and present the main grievances and demands of protesters in order to better understand the drivers of social unrest

the most frequent target for protesters, by a wide margin, is their own national government

more than 12% of the world's protests (347 protests) denounced inequalities in income, wealth, and influence on policy-making and questioned democratic systems that were allowing rent-seeking by elites and the arab spring, as well as in the more recent latin american spring, inequality ranked highest amongst the grievances of demonstrators

food protests have an inverse relation with income levels, as they are virtually absent from high-income countries

in india, "cow vigilantes"

protests and demonstrations regarding prisoners' rights and the fair treatment of prisoners represent just over nearly 3% of the world's protests (75 protests).  inhumane conditions have been denounced by prisoners in countries such as bolivia and brazil.  these protests are often disturbingly graphic, as prisoners resort to extreme means such as hunger strikes (e.g., occupied palestinian territory) or sewing their own lips (e.g., kyrgyzstan) in order to attract media attention and to publicize their cause

the largest coordinated strike in history: 250 million people protest against the government's plan to liberalize farming and labor

tahrir square in egypt, syntagma square in greece, puerta del sol in spain, zuccotti park in new york and gezi park in istanbul

noisemaking has been a traditional method of protest.  in most of the latin countries, this takes the form of banging pots and casseroles ("cacerolada")

in 2019 in ecuador, riots against budget cuts and reforms agreed between the moreno administration and the imf lasted for days until the government fled from the capital and postponed the imf program loan

our analysis shows that in south asia 61% of protest episodes..achieved some demonstrable success..38% for latin america and the caribbean

a majority of protests against the chinese government, normally on concrete issues, have a greater chance of achieving some result (65%), than those against the united states, which have only a 23% chance of success..twitter storms (36%)..self-inflicted violence..a 50% success rate

brazil's neo-pentecostal movement, which advanced their religious rights in alliance with the "bullets, bible and beef" caucus

in the united states, the three richest people have the same amount of wealth as the bottom 160 million



this week i

drew two. robert caro must subscribe to the great man of history theory, mustn't he? begin a joke archimedes, newton, and einstein walk into a bar..

landed in lima, with decadent dogs, burgers in coming to america mcdowell's style establishments. will this war yield yet another great russian novel?


disable scene optimizer to avoid faked moon anything.  did you know you can screenshot your body by farting and coughing at the same time?

ate pac-man ghost chifa.  whether or not sixteenth century cartographers had switched ptolemaic to copernican, they included recife but not china

asked chatgpt for ten egyptian hieroglyphs with nearest modern emojis: more than half wrong.  always a challenge to divert those grooves


wish to be a monsanto climate change adaptation strategy meeting fly on the wall.  maybe not evil a la exxon, still worth the metamorphosis


watched new york stories by scorsese, both coppolas, woody allen's oedipus wrecks, with young steve buscemi, julie kavner, still old looking larry david. i'm a person who believes in science and logic and rational thought  //  meanwhile your mother is hovering over the chrysler building


re-read galapagos by kurt vonnegut, about our unwieldy minds.  vonnegut the only author whose works i have exhausted, except, i suppose, my own

 i was there, too, but perfectly invisible

thanks a lot, big brain

to hear him tell it, he had tethered peacocks and snow leopards and gorillas and crocodiles and albatrosses to the stakes.  in his big brain, bikini became the exact reverse of noah's ark.  two of every sort of animal had been brought there in order to be atom-bombed

what was so thought provoking about all sorts of galapagos finches to young charles darwin, though, was that they were behaving as best they could like a wide variety of much more specialized birds on the continents.  he was still prepared to believe, if it turned out to make sense, that god almighty had created all the creatures just as darwin found them on his trip around the world.  but his big brain had to wonder why the creator in the case of the galapagos islands would have given every conceivable job for a small land bird to an often ill-adapted finch?  what would have prevented the creator, if he thought the islands should have a woodpecker-type bird, from creating a real woodpecker?  if he thought a vampire was a good idea, why didn't he give the job to a vampire bat instead of a finch, for heaven's sakes?  a vampire finch?

for of all sad words of tongue or pen,  //  the saddest are these: "it might have been!"

take a flying fuck at a rolling doughnut

the peruvian junta gave this as its official reason for going to war: that the galapagos islands were rightfully peru's, and that peru was going to get them back again

i disturbed my father at his typewriter, and asked him what my heritage was from his side of the family.  i didn't know then what sperm was, and so wouldn't understand his answer for several years.  "my boy," he said, "you are descended from a long line of determined, resourceful, microscopic tadpoles - champions every one"

what could most of that blah-blah-blahing have been, both night and day, but the spilling of useless, uncalled-for signals from our preposterously huge and active brains?

but in the long run, i don't think it would have made much difference which males did the impregnating, mick jagger or dr. henry kissinger or the captain or the cabin boy.  humanity would still be pretty much what it is today

truth be told, the planet's most victorious organisms have always been microscopic.  in all the encounters between davids and goliaths, was there ever a time when a goliath won?

"oh, well - he wasn't going to write beethoven's ninth symphony anyway"

"in this era of big brains, anything which can be done will be done - so hunker down"


this week i

landed at mississippi missouri confluence, namesake a different monarch than louisiana's sun king, paint louis lol.  please use other door infinite loop, dall-e could not mobius strip macaroni twist the top center of the arch, sands of time dna looks ok.  in town for the symposium on data science and statistics, i most marvel at, just, you know, statistically, of all humans in all history, how we got such nourishing food and safe, comfortable shelter?



enjoyed roger peng's plenary, he spoke about the direct to consumer movement of academia.  decisions can be made without data, it happens all the time.  the chi-squared symbol looks like a children's toy that had come to life but then needed to freeze quickly because a human entered the room and turned on the light.  christine zhang at nyt designed their full first front and back printed paper when covid crossed one million, coined data visceralization for when an infographic makes you feel.  and me?  all i did was draw a population density map based on this one here

attended quality short course: machine learning foundations - a hands-on introduction taught by william franz lamberti.  parameter insignificant?  leave it in.  the eu has passed laws that require a doctor explain a model to a patient, which bars certain prediction algorithms because black boxes