this week i

celebrated zoe and oliver's fourth.  chris from wagner's plumbing remembered my mother.  central bankers argue like goodfellas: among the italians

read the american (texas) wildflower florilegium: pitcher plants, alligator bonnets, fleur-de-lisas, fire wheels.  seventeenth prime cicadas bloom too

watched elia kazan's a face in the crowd.  arkansan waitress looked of young hillary clinton, sitting on top of the world theme throughout

oh, a guitar beats a woman every time

i hear you just wrote the ending to my book


ate late grape leaves, leftover sushi, honeyed strawberries et (quebecois word) bleuets, chocolate yogurt pop.  world social report during daylight

income inequality has increased in most developed countries and in some middle-income countries, including china and india, since 1990.  countries where inequality has grown are home to more than two thirds (71 per cent) of the world population.  yet growing inequality is not a universal trend.  the gini coefficient of income inequality has declined in most countries of latin america and the caribbean and in several african and asian countries over the last two decades

in 2016, one in four urban residents, or over one billion people, lived in slums

most attempts at measuring inequality of opportunity use a decomposable measure of inequality (often the dissimilarity index or thiel-l index) to quantify the extent of inequality that can be explained by measurable circumstances and the extent that cannot..inequality that is not explained by measurable circumstances is attributed to differences in effort and/or skill

in bangladesh, the incidence of poverty is particularly severe in the low-lying coastal region in the country’s southwest.  the area is prone to tidal surges, salinization and cyclones, and living conditions are often challenging.  in the coming years, vulnerability to flooding and salinization is expected to increase, according to climate projections.  people in poverty will be heavily affected by these trends, since they rely on the local ecosystem for their livelihoods and have limited mobility due to their economic circumstances.  over the years, the region's inland fishing grounds have been degraded due to over-exploitation, destructive fishing practices and salinization, among other factors.  climate-induced sea-level rise and subsequent salinization will adversely affect many of the fish species, which are crucial food and economic resources for local  residents.  the government of bangladesh has taken action to promote sustainable fishing practices and increase community access to technological and financial resources.  whether this will be enough to enable these communities to extricate themselves from this poverty-environment trap remains to be seen

inequality within cities has economic, spatial and social dimensions.  economically, inequality is generally greater in urban areas than in rural areas: the gini coefficient of income inequality is higher in urban areas in 36 out of 42 countries with data.  china is an important exception to this pattern, with a gini coefficient that stood at 40 in rural areas and 37 in urban areas in 2014

bidonvilles, taudis, barrios marginales, tugurios, favelas